Hybrids have become an incredibly popular type of motor vehicle in recent years, thanks to the excellent fuel economy these environmentally-friendly cars offer. Another reason behind their popularity is that they ensure reduced emissions of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide.
A hybrid vehicle uses two or more distinct types of power. It combines at least one electric motor with a gasoline engine to power the automobile.
The electric motor and the gas engine communicate with one another, providing an efficient vehicle that can travel longer distances with less consumption of gas. Different motors work better at different speeds. The electric motor is more efficient at producing torque, or turning power, and the combustion engine is better for maintaining high speed than a typical electric motor.
What Is a Hybrid Car Battery?
A hybrid car combines the functionality of a gas-powered motor and an electric hybrid battery. The electric hybrid battery is like any other battery except that it is rechargeable and has enough juice to move a large vehicle.
Construction of a Hybrid Battery
Hybrid batteries consists of two electrodes sitting in an ion-based solution known as an electrolyte.
The electrodes are separated by a polymer film to prevent any occurrence of a short-circuiting. An on-off switch connected to a hybrid car helps the cell’s electrodes to produce power, resulting in an electrochemical reaction.
What we call a battery in a hybrid vehicle is actually a battery pack. The battery pack houses multiple cells that work together to create the massive charge necessary to power the car.
It should be noted that total energy determines the vehicle’s electric range, and available power from the battery in a given moment determines the vehicle’s acceleration.
Hybrid Battery Voltage
Hybrid battery voltage can range from 100 to 300 volts, so it’s deemed “high voltage”. The two giant hybrid manufacturers of Toyota and Honda, each have battery packs with around 100 to 200 volts. Some batteries can provide higher voltage when using a voltage converter. For example, a Toyota Hybrid, such as the 2010 Toyota Prius, the voltage sent to the electric motor can be boosted up to 600 volts through a voltage converter.
Worth to Know Things on Hybrids & Hybrid Batteries
Hybrid cars serve as a better alternative to conventional cars. They bridge the gap between electric and gasoline powertrains.
Hybrid vehicles enjoy plenty of advantages like brilliant fuel economy, but many consumers are unaware of their systems’ technology and great benefits for the environment.
Motors that run exclusively on electricity accelerate efficiently and produce maximum power when speeding up from a stop. But these batteries must be large and costly to be able to travel long distances. Battery Electric Vehicles have a limited range of at most 250 miles.
Electric engines will become far more functional, if they are combined with a gas motor. A small, highly efficient gas motor plus a smaller and more affordable electric motor offer the best efficiency and reliability. However, a drawback to this setup is that it’s expensive due to the dual motors. The two motors take up a significant amount of space as well.
How Does a Hybrid Car Battery Work?
Hybrid vehicles make use of gasoline and 12 volt lead acid batteries just like traditional vehicles do, but they also run from another source, i.e. “High-Voltage (HV) battery”. The vehicle is able to switch seamlessly between power sources.
The HV battery recharges through regenerative braking. Regenerative braking is a way of taking the wasted energy from the process of slowing down a car and using it to recharge the car’s electric battery. Switching between electric and gas power is the key to a hybrid vehicle’s greater fuel efficiency. However, limited hybrid battery lifespan is one of the drawbacks of these kinds of batteries. Most hybrid batteries have an eight-year or 100,000-mile warranty, but some fail before that time. As a hybrid vehicle is useless without the hybrid battery, hybrid owners have to buy brand new or remanufactured replacement batteries to get their hybrids back on the road again. The good news is that modern batteries are more resilient than their older counterparts. Third-party manufacturers are now offering drivers various services like replacing hybrid batteries, testing hybrid battery cells, and hybrid battery repair. the cost of hybrid batteries is often cheaper than what’s available from a dealership.